Marie Salomea Skiodowska Curie was a French physicist and chemist who liked to do research on radioactivity. Marie Curie was born in Warsaw, Poland. She was also the first woman to win a Nobel Prize and the first woman to win the Nobel Prize twice. Marie Curie comes from a family of Nobel Prize winners, so that means her family did brilliant things. She was also the first woman to become a professor at the University of Paris. Marie Curie discovered two elements: polonium, and radium. Her life and accomplishments are very interesting.
Curie was born in Poland on November 7, 1867. She had a very difficult life when she was young. For example, her family was not allowed to read or write in their Polish language because Russia ruled Poland. Curie’s dad lost his job because he was in favor of the Polish rule. Also when Curie was 10, her sister died of typhus. Her mom also died of tuberculosis two years later. In addition to her family life, her education was difficult. Curie wanted to go to a university but she wasn’t allowed to because only men were allowed to attend.
Even though women weren’t allowed to go to college in Poland, Curie and her sister were able to attend the Sorbonne University in Paris, France. She first had to wait six years for her sister to graduate. While she had to wait to go to college she read a lot of books and realized she wanted to be a scientist. She later majored in Physics. While she was in college she was very poor. However, she enjoyed her studies. Curie was so poor that she didn’t have a heater during the winter. She warmed herself by wearing all of her clothing at one time. She was so into her studies that she sometimes forgot to eat.
While she was in Paris, she met her husband, and together they made scientific discoveries. They discovered polonium and radium and became very famous. Scientists from all around the world came to study with Curie and her husband. There, science helped people’s lives. For example, during World War I she made it possible for soldiers to get x-rays in field hospitals. Also doctors used radiology to help cure cancer. Curie, her husband, and a third scientist won the Nobel Prize for their study of radiology.
Unfortunately, she died from exposure to radioactivity. I have learned that she has done so many things for this world. For example, saving lives with her knowledge of x-rays during World War 1. Her work in radioactivity is also being used in hospitals.
“Marie Curie.” Wikipedia, Wikimedia Foundation, 24 Aug. 2019, https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Marie_Curie.
“Marie Curie.” Ducksters Educational Site, www.ducksters.com/biography/women_leaders/marie_curie.php.